Aronia botanical names are used for this aromatic green, having an aroma that is quite fragrant. Aronia officinalis or any variant of this name, such as Aronia freundifolia or Aronia gemmata, is used as the botanical name for this aromatic green. Aronia officinalis is a native genus of deciduous shrubs, with the common chokeberries, also in the same family, being native to wetlands and swamps in eastern North America. The genus is regarded to consist of around two or three subspecies, one of them being naturalized in Europe.
This plant has been used by Native Americans for several medicinal purposes, primarily for fatigue, dysentery and inflammation of the bowel, and also for a variety of other disorders. A popular medicine in eastern North America, its bitter taste has been used for treating toothache, especially when applied on the exterior of the teeth. In some regions of this country, chokeberries are dried and smoked, much like tobacco. The bark of this plant is also useful in making jams and jellies, while its leaves can be used to make tea.
The most common type of Aronia is the purple-cherry flavor, which is not related to its taste like grapes or other fruits. However, if the leaves are chewed, the taste like berries develops. Although the purple-cherry pulp of the plant has no astringent properties, its consumption is recommended for reducing inflammation and improving digestion of food.
Aronia contains a variety of sugars, including two main polysaccharides (glucose and galactose), as well as a variety of other polysaccharides. The fucose and galactose are considered better choices than glucose for the purpose of oral health supplements because they have a low glycemic index. Fucose is said to stimulate the pancreas and liver, while galactose may stimulate blood cell production. Since these health benefits of Aronia can only be achieved by ingesting the fruit itself, it’s difficult to get fresh, pure, concentrated extracts.
While the health benefits of Aronia can be derived from its high level of polysaccharides, it is also a good source of many essential nutrients, including antioxidants, vitamin C, silica, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, and chlorophyll. It is the silica content of the fruits that makes them useful as a natural dietary supplement. Silica is important in carrying out many body functions, including tissue repair and mineral absorption. Some of the fruits in Aronia family, such as the purple and black berries, also have high levels of silica.
As shown, the benefits of Aronia may lie mostly in its ability to boost the immune system, improve blood flow, regulate insulin and glucose levels, and suppress the formation of cholesterol and fatty deposits in the arteries. However, researchers suggest that further research should be done to determine whether the extract works as an anti-inflammatory, blood sugar regulator, or insulin and glucose suppressor. In addition to its overall health benefits, the antioxidant properties of Aronia may be useful in combating oxidative stress and free radical damage. Further research could also shed light on the usefulness of the berries as a treatment for some forms of cancer, especially those involving the liver, prostate, colon, or breast.